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Regional cerebral blood flow in children with ADHD: changes with age

Ozgur Oner, P?nar Oner, Ayla Aysev, Ozlem Kucuk, and Erkan Ibis

Brain Dev 1 Jun 2005 27(4): p. 279. http://highwire.stanford.edu/cgi/medline/pmid;15862191

Advanced Research Fellow, NIMH Fogarty International Mental Health and Developmental Disabilities Program, Istanbul, Turkey.

The aim of this study was to investigate the changes in regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) with age in patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Twenty-nine drug-naive ADHD subjects (24 boys, 5 girls; age 7-13; mean+/-SD=age 9.2+/-2.1) and 12 subjects with epilepsy (all diagnosed as having complex partial seizure, 6 boys, 6 girls; age 7-14; mean+/-SD=8.5+/-2.1) were included in the study. All cases of ADHD were diagnosed according to DSM-IV criteria. Cerebral blood flow was evaluated with Tc-99m-hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime (Tc99m HMPAO) brain single photon emission tomography (SPECT) during standard resting condition in all of the cases. Asymmetry indices for each region of interest were calculated. Absolute rCBF values were normalized as the absolute rCBF values divided by the whole brain absolute value. The prefrontal lobe asymmetry indices were significantly negatively correlated with age in ADHD cases (r=-0.408, P=0.025), which indicated the increased prefrontal rCBF lateralization from the right to the left side with age. When ADHD cases older than 7 years of age were compared with those with epilepsy, the ADHD cases had lower right prefrontal and frontal rCBF and higher left parietal rCBF. The epilepsy group showed no significant correlations between age and asymmetry indices and showed a different developmental trajectory for prefrontal asymmetry and right prefrontal rCBF values. The results indicated that the left hemisphere dominance in the prefrontal cortex significantly increases with age in ADHD cases.

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